Index

References are to paragraph numbers. An “n” after a paragraph number indicates that the reference is to a footnote within that paragraph.

Index

A

abnormality of mind, [5.3.2]
Aboriginal Client Service Specialists, [2.3.1], [2.3.3.4], [2.3.4]
Aboriginal Community Justice Group, [2.3.1]
Aboriginal estate distribution orders, [2.3.5]
Aboriginal Justice Advisory Council, [2.3.1], [2.4]
Aboriginal Legal Service (NSW/ACT) Ltd, [2.4]
Aboriginal Medical Service, [2.4]
Aboriginal people
Aboriginal groups, [2.2.1]
appearance in court, [2.3.3.3]
attitude to material possessions, [2.2.3]
bail for, [2.1], [2.3.2]
Bringing them home report, [2.2.2]
circle sentencing, [2.2.3], [2.3.7]
communication styles, [2.2.3], [2.3.3.1], [2.3.3.4]
Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme, extension of, [2.1]
community organisations, local Aboriginal, [2.4]
criminal justice system, over-representation in, [2.2.3]
cultural differences, [2.2.3], [2.2.4]
cultural identity, [2.2.1], [2.2.3]
cultural losses, impact of, [2.2.3]
customary law, [2.2.3], [2.3.7]
death, taboos regarding, [2.2.3]
directions to jury, points to consider, [2.3.6]
domestic assault, statistics of, [2.1]
education, statistics of, [2.1]
employment, statistics of, [2.1]
English literacy skills, statistics of, [2.1]
family and kinship ties, [2.2.3]
female homicide victims, statistics of, [2.1]
Fernando sentencing guidelines, [2.3.8]
fines, [2.3.7]
first language, statistics of, [2.1]
forced relocation of, [2.2.3]
health, statistics of, [2.1]
hearing impairment, statistics of, [2.1]
housing, statistics, [2.1]
impact of cultural differences in court, [2.2.4], [2.3.4]
imprisonment, statistics of, [2.1]
improve accessibility to court for women, [2.2.4]
infant mortality, statistics of, [2.1]
information, general, [2.2.1]
intergenerational trauma, [2.2.2]
judgment or decision writing, [2.3.7]
Justice reinvestment, [2.2.4], [2.2.6]
juveniles in detention, statistics of, [2.1]
land, connection to, [2.2.3]
language culturally offensive to, [2.3.3.2]
language level and style, [2.3.3.4]
language, statistics of, [2.1]
life expectancy, [11.1.1]
names of, [2.2.1], [2.3.3.2]
National framework, [2.2.4]
non-verbal communication, [2.3.3.3]
OCHRE plan, [2.2.6]
overview of NSW Aborigines, statistics of, [2.2.1]
population of in NSW, statistics of, [1.2], [2.1]
pre-trial diversionary options, [2.3.1]
prosecutions, statistics of, [2.1]
reconciliation, [2.2.3]
sentencing of offenders, [2.2.3], [2.3.7], [2.3.8]
sexual assault, statistics of, [2.1]
sign language, [2.3.3.3]
silence, value of, [2.3.3.3]
spiritual beliefs, [2.2.3]
statistics, regarding, [2.1]
status of women, [2.2.3]
stereotyping, [2.3.3.2]
touching, different views on, [2.3.3.3]
verbal communication with, [2.3.3.2], [2.3.3.4]
victim impact statements, [2.3.7]
as victims of violence, statistics of, [2.1]
women, status of, [2.2.3]
Aboriginal Witness Assistance Officers, [2.3.4], [2.4]
Aboriginessee Aboriginal people
Access to Justice
older people, [11.4.1]
ACON, [5.5]
Acquired Brain Injury
barriers in court for people with, [5.2.4]
communicating with people with, [5.4.3.3], [5.4.3.6]
crime statistics, [5.1]
likely disabilities resulting from, [5.2.1], [5.2.2.5]
type of disability, statistics, [5.1]
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), [5.2.2.7]
ACSSs, [2.3.1]
Adjournments for children and young people, [6.3.1], [6.3.6]
for disabled people, [5.4.1], [5.4.4]
for prayer and for festivals, [4.4.6]
for women, [7.3.4]
affirmationssee Oaths and affirmations
Africans, [3.3.5.4], [3.3.6.2]
age of consent, [8.3.1]
agoraphobia, [5.2.2.6]
AIDS
AIDS Council of NSW, [5.5]
diagnoses, different from HIV, [5.2.2.7]
alcohol and drug abuse, [2.3.4], [5.2.1], [5.4.3.7]
alems, [4.2.3.3]
alternative dispute resolution (ADR), [3.3.1.5]
Alzheimer’s Association of NSWsee
Anglican Church Diocese of Sydney, [4.5]
Anglicans, [4.1]
Anglo-Celtic Australian
appearance, [3.3.5.2]
backgrounds, [3.3.5.2]
behaviour, [2.3.3.3]
culture, [2.3.3.2], [2.3.3.3]
definition, [2.2.3n]
anxiety
disorder, [5.2.2.6], [5.2.2.7]
statistics, [5.1]
Arabic cultures, [3.3.6.2]
Armenian Apostolic Church, [4.1]
arthritis, [5.1], [5.2.2.1]
Assemblies of God, [4.5]
assistance animals, [5.2.5.2]
Assyrian Church of the East, [4.1]
asthma, [5.1], [5.2.2.1]
ATSI, [2.2.1], [2.3.3.2]
audiotaping, of interviews, [6.3.3]
AUSIT, [3.3.1.3]
Auslan interpreters, [5.5]
Australian Centre for the Study of Sexual Assault, [7.4]
Australian Domestic & Family Violence Clearinghouse, [7.4]
Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations, [5.5]
Australian Federation of Islamic Councils
(Muslims Australia), [4.5]
Australian Institute of Interpreters and Translators Inc, [3.3.1.3]

B

Baha’i, [4.1], [4.2.6]
bail, for Aboriginal people, [2.1], [2.3.2]
Bangladeshis, [3.3.6.2]
Baptists, [4.1]
battered woman syndrome, [7.3.3.3]
Behaviour in court
Explanatory Note on the Judicial Process and Participation of Muslims, [4.2.3.5]
“bent”, [8.2.2.9]
Bhagavadgita, [4.2.4.2]
bias
avoiding, [1.4]
gender bias in court, [7.2]
Bible, [4.2.1.2]
bipolar disorder, [5.2.2.6]
bisexuals
age of consent, [8.3.1]
appearance and behaviour in court, [8.5.1]
common misconceptions about, [8.2.1]
directions on evidence of, [8.5.4]
discrimination against, [8.1]
diversity of, [8.1], [8.5.3]
education, [8.1]
lack of family support, [8.1]
as parents, [8.1], [8.2.1]
possible impact of sexuality in court, [8.4], [8.5.3]
self-censorship by, [8.1]
sentencing of, [8.5.5]
statistics regarding, [8.1]
suicide attempts by, [8.1]
terms and definitions, [8.2.2.8]
using appropriate terminology, [8.5.2]
Blind Citizens Australia, NSW Branch, [5.5]
blindness, [5.2.2.3]
body language
effect of religious belief on, [4.4.3]
of Indigenous people, [2.3.3.3]
of migrants, [3.3.4]
of religious persons, [4.2.2.5]
brain injuriessee Acquired Brain Injury
Brain Injury Association of NSW
(Synapse), [5.5]
breaks in proceedings
for children and young people, [6.3.6]
for disabled people, [5.4.1], [5.4.4]
for prayer and for festivals, [4.4.6]
for women, [7.3.4]
Buddhism, [4.1], [4.2.2], [4.4.2], [4.5]
bowing, [4.2.2.5]
dress, [4.2.2.5]
eye contact, [4.2.2.5]
festivals, [4.2.2.4]
forms of worship, [4.2.2.4]
holy books and scriptures, [4.2.2.2]
main beliefs, [4.2.2.1]
religious leaders, [4.2.2.3]
status of women, [4.2.2.5]
views on touching, [4.2.2.5]
Buddhist Council of NSW, [4.5]
burqua, [4.2.3.5]

C

Capacity
cognitive impairment, [11.5.1]
competence, and, [11.5.1.1]
case management systems, [6.3.1]
castes, [3.3.6.2]
Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney, [4.5]
Catholics, [4.1], [4.2.1.3], [4.2.1.5]
CCTV, [5.4.1], [6.3.3.2], [6.3.3.3]
Cerebral Palsy, [5.2.2.1]
Childcare and Protection
grandparents and, [11.1.1]
childcare facilities, for women, [7.3.4]
children and young peoplesee Appendix
Aboriginal offenders, [2.1]
alternative ways of obtaining evidence from, [6.3.3]
capacities of generally, [6.1.2]
communicating with, [6.3.4]
compellability to give evidence, [6.2.3]
competence to give evidence, [6.2.1]
criminal responsibility of, [6.2.2]
cross-examination of, [6.3.5]
culturally and linguistically diverse, [3.1]
defined, [6.1.1]
effect of imprisoning mothers of, [7.3.6]
ensuring regular breaks in proceedings, [6.3.6]
examples of difficulties in court experienced by, [6.1.3]
explain court proceedings, processes adequately, [6.3.4.1]
impact of difficulties in court experienced by, [6.1.4]
improper cross-examination of, [6.3.5.1]
incarceration, effect of mother’s, [7.3.6]
lesbians and gay men as parents of, [8.1], [8.2.1]
level, style of language, [6.3.4.2]
managing the giving of evidence, [6.3.3.4]
minimising delays in proceedings, [6.3.1]
oaths and affirmations by, [6.3.2]
requirement to obtain views of, [6.2.4]
sentencing of, [6.3.8]
sworn evidence, giving, [6.2.1]
unsworn evidence, and, [6.2.1]
Children’s Court Clinic, [6.4]
Chinese, [3.3.5.4], [3.3.6.2]
Chinese names, [3.3.2.1]
Christianity, [4.1], [4.2.1], [4.4.2]
dress, [4.2.1.5]
festivals, [4.2.1.4]
forms of worship, [4.2.1.4]
holy books and scriptures, [4.2.1.2]
main beliefs, [4.2.1.1]
religious leaders, [4.2.1.3]
status of women, [4.2.1.5]
views on touching, [4.2.1.5]
chuchotage, [3.3.1.3]
Churches of Christ, [4.1]
circle sentencing, [2.2.3], [2.3.7]
classes, in society, [3.3.6.2]
clinical depression, [5.2.2.6]
closed-circuit television, [5.4.1], [6.3.3.2], [6.3.3.3]
colour blindness, [5.2.2.3]
coming out, [8.2.2.4]
communication
with Aboriginal people, [2.2.3], [2.3.3.1]
with children and young people, [6.3.4]
with disabled people, [5.4.3]
with migrants, [3.2.2], [3.3.5]
non-verbal, [2.3.3.3], [3.3.4]
community legal centres, [10.5]
Community Legal Centres (NSW), [7.4]
community service orders, [7.3.6]
compellability, to give evidence, [6.2.3]
competence to give evidence, [6.2.1]
confessions, of Aboriginal people, [2.3.3.4]
Confucian values, [3.3.6.2]
consecutive interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
Convention on the Rights of the Child, [6.2.4]
Coptic Orthodox Church, [4.1]
Corrective Services NSW (women offenders), [7.4]
costs, of interpreters and translators, [3.3.1.5]
courtship customs, in ethnic cultures, [3.3.6.2]
Criminal Justice Support Network, [5.5]
criminal responsibility, [5.3.2], [6.2.2]
cross-dressing, [9.1.3]
cross-examination
of children, [6.3.5]
of psychiatrically disabled witnesses, [5.4.3.7]
by self-represented parties, [10.3.4.1], [10.3.4.2]
in sexual assault matters, [7.3.3.2]
cultural advice, [3.4]
cultural differences, [3.2.1], [3.2.2], [3.2.3]

D

Deaf Education Network, [5.5]
Deaf Society of NSW, [5.5]
deafblindness, [5.2.2.2]
deafness, [5.2.2.2]
declarations, [6.3.2]
delay, in proceedings, [6.3.1]
dementia, [5.1], [5.2.1n], [5.2.2.7]
depression, [5.1], [5.2.2.6], [5.2.2.7]
dialogue interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
diminished responsibility, [5.3.2]
direct discrimination, [1.1]
directions
on Aboriginal people, [2.3.6]
on disabled people, [5.4.6]
on evidence of children, [6.3.7]
on evidence of lesbians and gay men, [8.5.4]
on evidence of women, [7.3.5]
on migrants, [3.3.7]
on religious belief, [4.4.7]
on self-represented parties, [10.3.4.4]
on transgender or intersex people, [9.6.5]
Director of Public Prosecution’s Aboriginal Witness and Assistance, [2.4]
Disability Council NSW, [5.5]
disabled people
accommodation for, statistics, [5.1]
adjustments, reasonable, [5.2.5.1]
assistance animals, [5.2.5.2]
barriers in court for, [5.2.4], [5.2.5]
breaks in proceedings for, [5.4.1], [5.4.4]
capacity to give evidence, [5.3.1]
care, assistance and support, statistics, [5.1]
communicating with, [5.4.3]
considerations for judicial officers, [5.4.1]
crimes committed by, [5.1]
criminal responsibility of, [5.3.2]
directions to the jury re stereotyping of, [5.4.6]
drug dependence, [5.1], [5.2.1]
education, statistics, [5.1]
employment and income, statistics, [5.1]
health, [5.1]
impact of disabilities on matters relevant to court, [5.4.5]
levels of disability, [5.1]
media, dealing with, [5.2.2.9]
oaths and affirmations by, [5.4.2]
organisational contact details, [5.5]
poverty, living in, [5.1]
range of disabilities, [5.2.1]
reasonable adjustments, [5.2.5.1]
sentencing of, [5.4.7]
statistics relating to, [1.2], [5.1]
types of disabilities, [5.1], [5.2.1], [5.2.2]
uniqueness of, [5.2.1]
using appropriate terminology, [5.2.3]
discrimination
against Aboriginal people, [2.2.3]
compounding effect of, [1.4]
against disabled people, [5.1]
employment
ageism, [11.1.1]
and equality before the law, [1.1]
against homosexuals and bisexuals, [8.1]
legislation relating to, [1.1]
perceived religious discrimination, [4.3]
against women, [7.1]
disrespectful behaviour in court, [4.4.3]
District Court Legal Assistance Scheme, [10.5]
District Court of NSW, [10.5]
Diversity Services, [5.4.1], [5.5]
DOCS (FACS), [6.4]
doli incapax, [6.2.2]
domestic violence
in Aboriginal communities, [2.1], [2.2.3], [2.3.4]
battered woman syndrome, [7.3.3.3]
guidelines for dealing with in court, [7.3.3.2], [7.3.3.3]
in same sex relationships, [8.2.1n], [8.5.3]
statistics, [7.1]
treatment of women in the justice system, [7.1]
Down syndrome, [5.2.2.4]
dowries, [3.3.6.2]
dress, religioussee religious dress
drug abusesee alcohol and drug abuse
drunkenness, as a mitigating factor, [2.3.8]
Dysmorphic Disorder, [5.2.2.6]

E

Eastern European Orthodox, [4.1]
education
of Aboriginal people, [2.1]
of disabled people, [5.1]
of lesbians, gay men and bisexuals, [8.1]
Elder abuse
Aboriginal communities, [11.2]
CALD, [11.2]
capacity
capacity guidelines, [11.2.3]
financial abuse, [11.2]
guardianship, [11.2.3]
in residential care, [11.2.1]
intergenerational factors, [11.2]
legislation, [11.2], [11.2.1]
LGBTQ, [11.2]
neglect, [11.2]
physhological/emotional abuse, [11.2]
physical abuse, [11.2]
risk factors, [11.2]
Royal Commission, [11.2.1]
sexual abuse, [11.2]
social abuse, [11.2]
employment
of Aboriginal people, [2.1]
of women, [7.1]
epilepsy, [5.2.2.1]
equality before the law
adapting judicial conduct to ensure, [1.5]
concept of, [1.1]
ethnic groupssee migrants
ethnic identifiers, [3.3.5.2]
ethnicitysee migrants
evidence
admissibility of, [10.3.4.2]
of children and young people, [6.1.3], [6.2.1], [6.3.3], [6.3.5], [6.3.7]
of disabled persons, [5.3.1]
of domestic violence or sexual assault, [7.3.3.2]
presented by self-represented parties, [10.3.4.1]
testing evidence of other parties, [10.3.4.2]
eye contactsee body language

F

face covering, [4.2.3.5]
face, saving of, [3.3.6.2]
family
absence of in court, [3.3.6.3]
of lesbians and gay men, [8.1]
role of in ethnic cultures, [3.3.6]
Family & Community Services NSW, [7.4]
female-to-male trans people, [9.1.2]
Fernando principles, [2.3.7], [2.3.8]
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, [5.2.2.8]
barriers, [5.2.4]
condition, physical brain-based, [5.2.2.8]
language, level and style of, [5.4.3.3]
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, [5.2.2.8]
Filipino names, [3.3.2.2]
final submissions, by self-represented parties, [10.3.4.3]
fines
for Aborignal people, [2.3.7]
for children and young people, [6.3.8]
for disabled people, [5.4.7]
for migrants, [3.3.8]
for transgender or intersex people, [9.6.6]
for women, [7.3.6]
fitness to be tried, [5.3.2]
FtM, [9.1.2]

G

gang warfare, [3.1]
Gay & Lesbian Rights Lobby, [8.6]
gay men
age of consent, [8.3.1]
appearance and behaviour in court, [8.5.1]
coming out, [8.1]
common misconceptions about, [8.2.1]
directions on evidence of, [8.5.4]
discrimination against, [8.1]
diversity of, [8.1], [8.5.3]
education, [8.1]
lack of family support, [8.1]
as parents, [8.1], [8.2.1]
possible impact of sexuality in court, [8.4], [8.5.3]
self-censorship by, [8.1]
sentencing of, [8.5.5]
statistics regarding, [8.1]
suicide attempts by, [8.1]
terms and definitions, [8.2.2]
using appropriate terminology, [8.5.2]
gender
gender bias in court, [7.2], [7.3.2]
stereotyping by, [7.3.3.1], [7.3.3.2]
The Gender Centre, [9.7]
gender identity
incidence of issues with, [1.2]
legal gender identity, [9.4]
sex affirmation procedure, [9.4]
trans people common misconceptions about, [9.2.2]
gender transition, [9.1.1]
Gooris, [2.2.1n]
gout, [5.2.2.1]
Greek Orthodox Christians, [4.1], [4.5]
Greeks, [3.3.6.2]
Guide Dog Association of NSW & ACT, [5.5]
guide dogs, [5.4.1]
Guidelines for Remote Witness Facilities, [5.4.1n]
gurus, [4.2.4.3]

H

Hasidic Jews, [4.2.5.5]
health, of Aboriginal people, [2.1]
infant mortality rates, [2.1]
hearing impairments, [5.2.2.2], [5.4.3.4]
hearing loops, [5.4.1]
heuristicssee unconscious bias
Hijab, [4.2.3.5]
Hindu Council of Australia, [4.5]
Hinduism, [4.1], [4.2.4], [4.4.2], [4.5]
dress, [4.2.4.5]
festivals, [4.2.4.4]
forms of worship, [4.2.4.4]
holy books and scriptures, [4.2.4.2]
main beliefs, [4.2.4.1]
religious leaders, [4.2.4.3]
status of women, [4.2.4.5]
views on touching, [4.2.4.5]
HIVsee Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
HIV/AIDS Legal Centre Inc (NSW), [5.5]
Hoarding Disorder, [5.2.2.6]
home detention, for Aboriginal offenders, [2.3.7]
homicides, [7.1]
homophobia, [8.2.2.6]
homosexual advance defence, [8.1], [8.5.3]
homosexual panic defence, [8.1], [8.5.3]
homosexualitysee bisexuals; gay men
lesbians defined, [8.2.2.1]
views of non-homosexuals on, [4.4.4], [4.4.5], [8.1]
honour, in ethnic cultures, [3.3.6.2]
household work, [7.1]
housing, of Aboriginal people, [2.1]
CDEP programme, changes to, [2.1]
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), [5.2.2.7]
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), [5.2.2.7]
closed court, suppression and non-publications orders, [5.4.5]
directions to jury, [5.4.6]
false assumptions, [5.4.6]
infections, [5.2.2.7]
sentencing of, [5.4.7]
type of disability, statistics, [5.1]
virus, [5.2.2.7]

I

Icelandic names, [3.3.2.1]
imams, [4.2.3.3]
imprisonment
of Aboriginal people, [2.1]
mental illness among prisoners, [5.1]
of migrants, [3.1]
of transgender or intersex people, [9.6.6]
of women, [7.3.6]
“in the closet”, [8.2.2.4]
income
of lesbians and gay men, [8.1]
statistics relating to, [1.2]
of women, [7.1]
Indian names, [3.3.2.1]
Indianssee Hinduism; Islam; Sikhism
courtship and marriage customs, [3.3.6.2]
hierarchical culture, [3.3.4.2], [3.3.6.2]
matriarchy in Kerala, [3.3.6.2]
religious affiliations, [4.1]
role of family, [3.3.6.2]
tolerance for specific social issues, [3.3.6.2]
Indigenous estate distribution orders, [2.3.5]
Indigenous intestacy, [2.3.5]
Indigenous peoplesee Aboriginal people
indirect discrimination, [1.1]
Indonesians, [3.3.5.4]
infra-red assistive hearing devices, [5.4.1]
Inner City Legal Centre, [8.6], [9.7]
intellectual disability, [5.1], [5.2.1], [5.2.2.1], [5.2.2.4], [5.2.3], [5.3.1], [5.4.2], [5.4.3.3], [5.4.3.5]
Intellectual Disability Rights Service Inc, [5.5]
intellectually disabled people
barriers in court for, [5.2.4]
communicating with, [5.4.3], [5.4.3.5]
crimes committed by, [5.1]
criminal responsibility of, [5.3.2]
difficulties experienced by, [5.2.2.4], [5.2.2.5]
education, [5.1]
as a type of disability, [5.2.1]
unsworn evidence of, [5.4.2]
using appropriate terminology with, [5.2.3]
intention, [5.3.2]
interpreters and translators
accreditation of, [3.3.1.3], [3.3.1.4]
advice or opinion, no provision of, [3.3.5.4], [3.3.6.3]
alternative dispute resolution (ADR), [3.3.1.5]
appropriate explanations, [3.3.5.1]
Auslan interpreters, [5.5]
consecutive interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
dialogue interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
emerging community language, [3.3.1.3]
guidelines for magistrates and judges, [3.3.1.4]
JCCD
Recommended National Standards for working with interpreters in courts and Tribunals, [3.3.1.1]
Multicultural Policies and Services Program, [3.3.1.1]
National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI), [3.3.1.3], [3.3.1.4]
paraprofessionals, [3.3.1.3]
provision of before proceedings start, [3.3.1.7]
right to an interpreter, [3.3.1.1]
sight translation, [3.3.1.3]
sign language interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
simultaneous interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
sources of, [3.3.1.4]
suppliers of, [3.3.1.5]
techniques of interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
Translating and Interpreting Service (TIS National), [3.3.1.5], [3.4]
type of interpreter or translator to use, [3.3.1.3]
use of to ensure a fair trial, [3.3.1.1]
when to use, [3.3.1.1]
who pays for, [3.3.1.6]
working with interpreters, [3.3.1.7]
intersex
common misconceptions about, [9.2.2]
directions to the jury on, [9.6.5]
legal gender identity, [9.4]
marriage rights, [9.4]
modes of address and gender, [9.6.1]
possible impact of gender identity in court, [9.5], [9.6.4]
terminology, [9.1], [9.6.3]
using appropriate language with, [9.6.3]
intersex pople
sentencing of, [9.6.6]
intoxication, [5.3.2]
Islam
community organisations, [4.5]
diversity of, [4.1]
dress, [4.2.3.5]
face covering, [4.2.3.5]
forms of worship and festivals, [4.2.3.4]
holy books and scriptures, [4.2.3.2]
main beliefs, [4.2.3.1]
oaths and affirmations by Muslims, [4.4.2]
prayer breaks in court for Muslims, [4.4.6]
religious leaders, [4.2.3.3]
statistics, [4.2.3]
status of women, [4.2.3.5]
stereotypes of, [4.4.7]
Sunnis and Shi’ites, [4.2.3]
views on touching, [4.2.3.5]
Islamic Council of NSW, [4.5]

J

Japanese, [3.3.5.4]
Jehovah’s Witnesses, [4.1], [4.5]
Jewish names, [3.3.2.1]
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, [5.5]
Judaism, [4.2.5], [4.5]
dress, [4.2.5.5]
festivals, [4.2.5.4]
forms of worship, [4.2.5.4]
holy books and scriptures, [4.2.5.2]
main beliefs, [4.2.5.1]
religious leaders, [4.2.5.3]
status of women, [4.2.5.5]
views on touching, [4.2.5.5]
judgments
fair and non-discriminatory judgments, [4.4.8]
involving Aboriginal people, [2.3.7]
involving children and young people, [6.3.8]
involving lesbians, gay men and bisexuals, [8.5.5]
involving migrants, [3.3.8]
involving self-represented parties, [10.4]
involving transgender or intersex people, [9.6.6]
involving women, [7.3.6]
Judicial Commission of NSW, [10.5]
Judicial Council on Cultural Diversity, [3.4]
judicial officers, conduct of, [1.1], [1.5]
jury directionssee directions
Justice Health, [5.5]
Justice Journey, victims going to court (DVD), [7.4]
justice, perception of, [1.3]
Juvenile Justice NSW, [6.4]

K

kinship networks, [3.3.6.2]
The Kirby Institute, [5.5]
Kooris, [2.2.1], [2.3.3.2]
kosher food, [4.2.5.1]

L

language
of Aboriginal people, [2.1]
avoiding culturally offensive language, [2.3.3.2], [3.3.5.2]
avoiding religiously offensive language, [4.4.4]
communicating with children, [6.3.4]
gender bias in, [7.3.2]
of migrants, [3.1]
taking language difficulties into account, [3.3.5.3]
using non-legal language with self-represented parties, [10.3.1]
Latin Americans, [3.3.5.4]
Latter Day Saints, [4.1]
Law Society of NSW Pro Bono Scheme, [10.5]
LawAccess NSW, [10.5]
Laws of Manu, [4.2.4.2]
LCM v The State of Western Australia [2016] WASCA 164, [5.2.2.8]
Legal Aid Commission of NSW, [10.5]
lesbians
age of consent, [8.3.1]
appearance and behaviour in court, [8.5.1]
coming out, [8.1]
common misconceptions about, [8.2.1]
directions on evidence of, [8.5.4]
discrimination against, [8.1]
diversity of, [8.1], [8.5.3]
education, [8.1]
lack of family support, [8.1]
as parents, [8.1], [8.2.1]
possible impact of sexuality in court, [8.4], [8.5.3]
self-censorship by, [8.1]
sentencing of, [8.5.5]
statistics regarding, [8.1]
suicide attempts by, [8.1]
terms and definitions, [8.2.2]
using appropriate terminology, [8.5.2]
lesbophobia, [8.2.2.6]
literacy skills, [1.2], [5.2.1]
live links, to give evidence, [6.3.3.2]
Local Court Aboriginal Client Services Specialist, [2.4]
Lutherans, [4.1], [4.5]

M

Magistrates Early Referral Into Treatment (MERIT), [2.3.1]
Mahabharata, [4.2.4.2]
male-to-female trans people, [9.1.2]
manic depressive illness, [5.2.2.6]
marriage customs, in ethnic cultures, [3.3.6.2], [4.4.4], [4.4.5]
matajis, [4.2.4.3]
matriarchy, [3.3.6.2]
“McKenzie friend”, [10.3.1]
mediation, [10.3.1]
Mental Health Advocacy Service, [5.5]
Mental Health Coordinating Council, [5.5]
Mental Health Information for Rural and Remote Australia, [5.5]
Mental Health Liaison Officers, [5.4.1], [5.4.3.7], [5.5]
mental illness, [5.1], [5.3.2]see also psychiatrically disabled people
mental or behavioural disorders, [5.1]
MERIT, [2.3.1], [2.3.7]
migrantssee interpreters and translators
appearance in court, [3.3.4]
birthplaces, statistics, [3.1]
body language in court, [3.3.4]
communication styles, [3.2.2], [3.3.5.4]
courtship and marriage customs, [3.3.6.2]
crime statistics, [3.1]
cultural differences, [3.2.1], [3.2.2], [3.2.3], [3.3.6.3]
culturally offensive language, avoidance of, [3.3.5.2]
demographic statistics, [3.1]
directions to jury re stereotyping of, [3.3.7]
examples of customs and values, [3.3.6.2]
explaining court procedures to, [3.3.5.5]
grandparents, [3.3.6.2]
impact of customs on attitudes, [3.3.6]
imprisonment of, [3.1]
inter-generational conflict, [3.3.6.1]
marriage, arranged, [3.3.6.2]
mixed race families, [3.3.6.1]
modes of address, [3.3.2.1], [3.3.2.2]
non-attendance of family in court, [3.3.6.3]
oaths and affirmations by, [3.3.3]
over-represented groups in detention, [3.1]
population, statistics of, [3.1]
prejudiced perceptions of, [3.1]
religious affiliations, [3.1]
role of women, [3.3.6.2]
sentencing of, [3.3.8]
socio-economic status, [3.1]
stereotyping, avoidance of, [3.3.5.2]
taking cultural differences into account, [3.3.6.3]
taking language difficulties into account, [3.3.5.3]
tolerance of for specific social issues, [3.3.6.2]
unemployment among, [3.1]
verbal communication with, [3.3.5]
ministers, [4.2.1.3]
missions, [2.2.3]
mixed race families, [3.3.6.1]
modes of address, [9.6.1]
choosing, [3.3.2.2]
different naming systems, [3.3.2.1]
for religious leaders, [4.4.1]
for women, [7.3.1]
monks, [4.2.2.3], [4.2.2.5]
mood affective disorders, [5.1]
MtF, [9.1.2]
Muhammadanismsee Islam
Multicultural Disability Advocacy Association of NSW, [5.5]
Multicultural NSW, [3.3.1.1], [3.3.1.5], [3.3.1.6], [3.3.5.4n], [3.4], [5.5]
multiple personality disorder, [5.2.2.6]
multiple sclerosis, [5.1]
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Society of NSW, [5.5]
Murdis, [2.2.1n]
Murris, [2.2.1], [2.3.3.2]
Muslim names, [3.3.2.1]
Muslimssee Islam

N

NAATI, [3.3.1.3]
naming systems, [3.3.2.1], [3.3.2.2]
National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI), [3.3.1.3]
National Children’s and Youth Law Centre, [6.4]
National Disability Insurance Scheme (Commonwealth), [5.1n]
National Disability Strategy, [5.1]
National Organisation for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Australia, [5.2.2.8]
non-English speaking personssee interpreters and translators; migrants
non-verbal communication, [2.3.3.3], [3.3.4]
Northcott, Disability Services, [5.5]
NSW Aboriginal Land Council, [2.4]
NSW Association for Mental Health, [5.5]
NSW Bar Association Legal Assistance Referral Scheme, [10.5]
NSW Commission for Children and Young People, [6.4]
NSW Council for Intellectual Disability, [5.5]
NSW Department of Community Services (FACS), [6.4]
NSW Department of Justice, [5.5]
NSW Disability Discrimination Legal Centre, [5.5]
NSW Disability Strategic Plan 2014–2016, [5.1]
NSW Ecumenical Council, [4.5]
NSW Jewish Board of Deputies, [4.5]
NSW Law Reform Commission, [5.2.2.4]
NSW Native Title Services Ltd, [2.4]
NSW population diversity of, [1.2]
nuns, [4.2.2.3], [4.2.2.5]

O

Oaths and affirmations
by children and young people, [6.3.2]
by disabled people, [5.4.2]
influence of religion on, [4.4.2]
by migrants, [3.3.3]
obsessive compulsive disorder, [5.2.2.6]
Older people
access to justice, [11.4.1]
accommodation, [11.1.1]
Ageing and disability commissioner, [11.4.1]
capacitysee Capacity
communication guidance, [11.5.3]
community agencies, [11.6]
court proceedings
barriers, [11.5.4], [11.5.7]
crimes against, [11.3.1]
criminal behaviour
brain disease, [11.3.4]
custodial statistics, [11.3.4]
definition of older, Introduction
demographic trends, Introduction
digital confidence, [11.1.1]
disadvantage, [11.1.1]
education, [11.1.1]
elder abuse, [11.2]
employment, [11.1.1]
Evidence Act, [11.3.3]
gender diversity and,, [11.1.1]
general barriers, [11.4.1]
giving evidence, [11.5.1.1]
grandparents, [11.1.1]
health, [11.1.1]
income, [11.1.1]
information and assistance, [11.6]
neglect, [11.3.1]
NSW Guardian ad Litem, [11.5.1.2]
offences, [11.3.1]
offending rates, [11.3.4]
population, statistics, [11.1.1]
reasons for under reporting, [11.3.2]
regional, rural and remote
statistics, [11.1.1]
rural, regional and remote
access to justice, [11.4.3]
scammers, [11.3.2]
social isolation, [11.4.3]
specific barriers, [11.4.1]
statistics regarding, [11.1.1]
technology, [11.4.2]
types of offences, [11.3.4]
victims of crime, [11.3.2]
volunteering, [11.1.1]
vulnerable persons, [11.3.3]
witnesses, [11.3.3]
Organisation Intersex International Australia, [9.7]
Oriental Christians, [4.1]
Orthodox Christians, [4.1]
osteoarthritis, [5.2.2.1]
“out of the closet”, [8.2.2.4]
outing, of homosexuals, [8.2.2.4]
overseas born NSW residentssee interpreters and translators; migrants
statistics of, [3.1]

P

paganism, [4.1]
panic attacks, [5.2.2.6]
paraplegia, [5.2.2.1]
paraquad, [5.5]
patriarchy, [3.3.6.2]
Pentecostals, [4.1], [4.5]
People with disabilities, [6.1.2]see also Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
People with Disabilities Australia, [5.5]
periodic detention, for Indigenous offenders, [2.3.7]
Physical Disability Council of NSW, [5.5]
physically disabled people
barriers in court for, [5.2.4]
communicating with, [5.4.3], [5.4.3.4]
pre-court preparation for, [5.4.1]
types of physical disability, [5.2.1], [5.2.2]
population
of Aboriginal people, [2.1]
diversity of in New South Wales, [1.2], [3.1]
of homosexuals, [8.1]
of migrants, [3.1]
of women, [7.1]
pravarajikas, [4.2.4.3]
Presbyterian Church, [4.5]
Presbyterians, [4.1]
priests, [4.2.1.3]
Pro Bono
court assistance, [10.5]
schemes, [10.3.1], [10.5]
solicitor, [10.5]
prosecution, of Aboriginal people, [2.1]
prostitutes, [7.3.3.2n]
provocation, as a defence, [7.3.3.2]
psychiatrically disabled people
barriers in court for, [5.2.4]
characteristics, [5.2.2.6]
common disorders, [5.2.2.6]
communicating with, [5.4.3], [5.4.3.7]
criminal responsibility of, [5.3.2]
cross-examination of, [5.4.3.7]
dealing with the media, [5.2.2.9]

Q

quadriplegia, [5.2.2.1]
queer, as a term, [8.2.2.7]
Qur’an, [4.2.3.2], [4.2.3.4], [4.4.2]

R

racism, [2.2.3], [3.2.2]
Ramayana, [4.2.4.2]
reconciliation, [2.2.3]
religionssee Buddhism; religious dress
addressing religious leaders, [4.4.1]
avoiding religiously offensive language, [4.4.4]
diversity of, [4.1]
impact of religious values in court, [4.3], [4.4.3], [4.4.4], [4.4.5]
of migrants, [3.1]
statistics relating to, [1.2], [4.1]
taking breaks for prayer and festivals, [4.4.6]
religious dress
Buddhist, [4.2.2.5]
Christian, [4.2.1.5]
in court, [4.4.3]
Hindu, [4.2.4.5]
Jewish, [4.2.5.5]
Muslim, [4.2.3.5]
religious festivals, [4.2.1.4]
Remote Witness Facilities, Guidelines for, [5.4.1n]
rheumatoid arthritis, [5.2.2.1]
Royal Blind Society of NSW, [5.5]
Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths, [2.3.7]
Russian names, [3.3.2.1]

S

Salvation Army, [4.1], [4.5]
same sex relationships, [8.2.2.5], [8.3.2], [8.5.3]
parenting, [8.3.2]
sanyasinis, [4.2.4.3]
schizo-affective disorder, [5.2.2.6]
Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, [5.2.2.6]
Self Advocacy Sydney Inc, [5.5]
Self Help for Hard of Hearing (SHHH) Australia, [5.5]
self represented parties
role of judge, [10.3.3]
self-represented parties
court-based information and assistance, [10.5]
cross-examination by, [10.3.4.1], [10.3.4.2]
difficulties faced by, [10.1]
District Court pro-bono assistance, [10.5]
evidence presented by, [10.3.4.1]
explaining court procedures to, [10.3.2], [10.3.4]
final submissions by, [10.3.4.3]
impact of on the court, [10.2]
pre-court preparation, [10.3.1]
reasons for, [10.1]
right to, [10.1]
sentencing of, [10.4]
in sexual offences, [10.3.4.2], [10.3.4.4]
statistics, [10.1]
Supreme Court pro-bono assistance, [10.5]
sentencing
of Aboriginal offenders, [2.2.3], [2.3.7]
of children and young people, [6.3.8]
consideration of religious beliefs, [4.4.8]
of disabled people, [5.4.7]
of HIV-infected people, [5.4.7]
of lesbians, gay men and bisexuals, [8.5.5]
of migrants, [3.3.8]
of Aboriginal offenders, [2.3.8]
of self-represented parties, [10.4]
of transgender or intersex people, [9.6.6]
of women, [7.3.6]
Seventh Day Adventists, [4.1], [4.5]
sexual offences
closure of court during complainant’s evidence, [6.3.3.3]
cross-examination of complainants, [7.3.3.2], [10.3.4.2], [10.3.4.4]
guidelines for dealing with in court, [7.3.3.2]
self-represented parties in cases of, [10.3.4.2], [10.3.4.4]
treatment of women in the justice system, [7.1]
sexualitysee gender identity; homosexuality
distinguished from gender identity, [9.2.2]
statistics relating to, [1.2]
shame, in ethnic cultures, [3.3.6.2]
Shari’ah law, [4.2.3.2]
SHHH, [5.5]
Shi’ite Muslims, [4.2.3]
sign language interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
sign language, of Aboriginal people, [2.3.3.3]
Sikhism, [4.1], [4.2.4], [4.2.6]
silence
by Aboriginal people, [2.3.3.3]
by migrants, [3.3.4.2]
simultaneous interpreting, [3.3.1.3]
single parent families, [1.2], [1.4]
social anxiety, [5.2.2.6]
South East Asian cultures, [3.3.6.2]
South Pacific Islanders, [3.3.6.2]
speech impairments, [5.4.3.4]
Spinal Cord Injuries Australia Ltd, [5.5]
spinal cord injury, [5.1]
Sri Lankan Tamils, [3.3.6.2]
standard of proof, [10.3.1], [10.3.4.1]
State Library of New South Wales, Legal Information Access Centre, [10.5]
Statewide Community Court Liaison Service, [5.5]
stereotyping
avoiding, [1.4]
of disabled people, [5.4.6]
of gender, [7.3.3.1], [7.3.3.2]
of Indigenous people, [2.3.6]
in language, [2.3.3.2]
of lesbians and gay men, [8.2.1], [8.5.3], [8.5.5]
of migrants, [3.3.6.1], [3.3.7]
of religious beliefs, [4.4.7]
of transgender or intersex people, [9.6.5]
of women, [7.3.5]
“Stolen” generation, [2.2.2]
“straight”, [8.2.2.9]
stroke, [5.1], [5.2.2.5]
sub-cultures, within ethnic cultures, [3.3.6.1]
substantive equality, principle of, [1.5]
Succession Act 2006 (NSW) Pt 4.4
s 101, [2.3.5]
s 134, [2.3.5]
Sufism, [4.2.3]
suicide, by lesbians and gay men, [8.1]
Sunna, [4.2.3.2]
Sunni Muslims, [4.2.3]
support persons, in court, [5.4.1]
Supreme Court Legal Assistance Scheme, [10.5]
Supreme Court of NSW, [10.5]
swamis, [4.2.4.3]
Sydney, ethnic diversity of, [3.1]

T

Tamils, [3.3.6.2]
telephone typewriters, [5.4.1]
Thais, [3.3.5.4]
The Gender Centre, [9.1.1]
TIS, [3.3.1.4]
Torah, [4.2.5], [4.2.5.1], [4.2.5.2]
Torres Strait Islanders, [2.2.1]
touching
Buddhist attitude to, [4.2.2.5]
Christian attitude to, [4.2.1.5]
effect of religious belief on attitude to, [4.4.3]
Hindu attitude to, [4.2.4.5]
Islamic attitude to, [4.2.3.5]
Jewish attitude to, [4.2.5.5]
Tranby Aboriginal College, [2.4]
trangender people
definitions, [9.1.1]
trans people
appearance and behaviour in court, [9.6.2]
common misconceptions about, [9.2.2]
legal gender identity, [9.4]
marriage rights, [9.4]
modes of address and gender, [9.6.1]
possible impact of gender identity in court, [9.5], [9.6.4]
terminology, [9.1]
Transcultural Mental Health Centre, [5.5]
transgender people
directions to the jury on, [9.6.5]
sentencing of, [9.6.6]
terminology, [9.6.3]
using appropriate language with, [9.6.3]
transgenerational traumasee
Translating and Interpreting Service (TIS), [3.3.1.4], [3.4]
translatorssee interpreters and translators
transsexuals, [9.1.1], [9.1.2]
transvestism, [9.1.3]
Tripitaka, [4.2.2.2]

U

ulamas, [4.2.3.3]
unconscious bias
characteristics, [1.4.1]
definition, [1.4.1]
demeanour and appearance, [1.4.1]
unemployment
among migrants, [3.1]
unemployed crime victims, [1.4]
United Nations, conventions relating to human rights, [1.1], [6.2.4]
Uniting Church, [4.1]
Uniting Church of Australia — NSW Synod, [4.5]
unrepresented litigantsee self-represented parties

V

Vedas, [4.2.4], [4.2.4.2]
verbal abuse, of homosexuals, [8.1]
vexatious litigants, [10.3.1], [10.3.4.1]
victim impact statements, [9.6.1]
in cases involving Aboriginal people, [2.3.7]
in cases involving children, [6.3.8]
in cases involving disabled people, [5.4.7]
in cases involving homosexuals, [8.5.5]
in cases involving migrants, [3.3.8]
in cases involving intersex or transgender, [9.6.6]
in matters related to religion, [4.4.8]
victims of crime, statistics relating to, [1.4]
Victims’ Services Aboriginal Contact Line, [2.4]
videotaping, of interviews, [6.3.3]
Vietnamese
attitude to touching, [3.3.5.4]
concept of honour, [3.3.6.2]
kinship networks, [3.3.6.2]
non-verbal communication, [3.3.4.1]
religious affiliations, [4.1]
role of family, [3.3.6.2]
Vietnamese names, [3.3.2.1], [3.3.2.2]
violence
2008 Wood Report, [2.1]
Aboriginal people as victims of, [2.1]
homosexuals and bisexuals as victims of, [8.1]
women as victims of, [7.1]
visual impairments, [5.2.2.3], [5.4.3.4]

W

Wirringa Baiya Aboriginal Women’s Legal Centre, [7.4]
witnessessee Appendix
cross-examination of, [5.4.3.7], [10.3.4.1], [10.3.4.2]
disallowing improper questions to, [2.3.3.4]
women
address, mode of, [7.3.1]
avoiding gender bias in language, [7.3.2]
battered woman syndrome, [7.3.3.3]
breaks in proceedings for, [7.3.4]
crimes committed by, [7.1]
directions on evidence of, [7.3.5]
discrimination against, [7.1]
education, [7.1.3]
employment, [7.1.2]
gender bias in court, [7.2]
impact of gender on matters before court, [7.3.3]
imprisonment of, [2.1], [7.3.6]
in the justice system, [7.1]
incarceration, effect on children, [7.3.6]
income statistics, [1.2]
language, [7.3.2]
Legal Aid NSW, [7.1.6]
modes of address in court, [7.3.1]
offenders, female, [7.1.5]
population, [7.1.1]
role in ethnic cultures, [3.3.6.2]
sentencing of, [7.3.6]
statistics regarding, [7.1]
status of Aboriginal women, [2.2.3]
status of in Buddhism, [4.2.2.5]
status of in Christianity, [4.2.1.5]
status of in Hinduism, [4.2.4.5]
status of in Islam, [4.2.3.5]
status of in Judaism, [4.2.5.5]
terminology, [7.3.2]
as victims of crime, [1.4], [2.1]
victims, female, [7.1.4]
Women’s Legal Services NSW, [7.4]
Worship, forms of, [4.2.1.4]

Y

young peoplesee children and young people
Youth Justice Conferencing, [6.3.8n]
Youth Koori Court, [2.3.1], [6.3.8]